June 1, 2021
Clinical Contributors to this Story
Renato Apolito, M.D. contributes to topics such as Cardiology.
You may know chest pain, tightness and pressure are classic clues of a heart attack, but a wide range of equally concerning symptoms don’t fall under these “textbook” heart attack signs, according to cardiologist Renato Apolito, M.D., medical director of the cardiac catheterization laboratory at Jersey Shore University Medical Center.
Dr. Apolito also recommends being alert to:
- Pain or discomfort radiating to the left arm, neck, jaw or teeth
- Pain in the back or belly
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath
“Sometimes heart attack symptoms are more subtle, such as stomach discomfort that could be misconstrued as indigestion,” Dr. Apolito says. “You should react to any of these issues, especially if they’re new and sudden and your internal instinct tells you something’s wrong. Not everyone has textbook symptoms.”
Get Past Denial Because Time is Everything
Heart attack signs can also vary between men and women, who are somewhat more apt to experience shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and back or jaw pain than men, according to the American Heart Association. But Dr. Apolito cautions that everyone is wired differently, and you shouldn’t let your gender control your perception of heart attack symptoms you might experience.
Denial, in fact, stops many patients from seeking much-needed medical attention when a heart attack strikes, Dr. Apolito says.
“They think they’re just dealing with indigestion or a pulled muscle and they’re not ready to accept that something’s going wrong. That’s a problem, because it delays their care,” he says. “Timing is everything, and it’s better to be safe than sorry with matters of the heart. The more time they spend at home, the less time we may have to help them.”
When to Call 911
If you experience any heart attack symptoms—even if you’re unsure they stem from your heart—Dr. Apolito advises immediately calling 911, since that’s typically the fastest way to receive treatment.
Once you’ve arrived at the emergency room, an electrocardiogram and other tests will determine if you’re having an active heart attack. Next, blood work will pinpoint signs of a less serious or smaller heart attack, while medications will typically be prescribed that target possible coronary blockages.
“We’re all fair game for heart disease, especially as we age, and we need to be vigilant of any symptoms and get medical attention in a very fast manner,” Dr. Apolito says. “Time is not on your side if something is truly going on.”
Next Steps & Resources:
- Meet our source: Renato Apolito, M.D. To make an appointment with Dr. Apolito or another doctor near you, call 800-822-8905 or visit our website.
- Learn more about cardiac catheterization at Hackensack Meridian Health
- Can COVID-19 cause a heart attack?
- What does a cardiac stress test mean?
The material provided through HealthU is intended to be used as general information only and should not replace the advice of your physician. Always consult your physician for individual care.