Endocrinology & Diabetes
We provide comprehensive treatment for a full range of endocrine and metabolic conditions. Our expert endocrinologists combine their years of experience with the latest treatments to diagnose the most complex conditions. Depending on your condition, your care plan may include medication or other treatments coordinated with medical specialists.
Our endocrinologists routinely participate in research studies to advance medical knowledge and develop new treatments.
Endocrine and Metabolic Conditions We Treat
Our endocrinologists provide comprehensive care for a full range of endocrine and metabolic conditions, including:
- Diabetes. Expert diagnosis, treatment and educational programs for type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as gestational diabetes.
- Thyroid disorders. Coordinated treatment for all thyroid conditions, including thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).
- Pituitary tumors. Coordinated treatment with neurosurgery and radiology specialists to provide multidisciplinary care for pituitary tumors, which develop on your pituitary gland.
- Adrenal conditions. Expert, coordinated team management of conditions that affect the adrenal gland, including adrenal gland tumors, Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and more.
- Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Our endocrinologists work as part of a multidisciplinary team to diagnose and manage pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
- Osteoporosis. Comprehensive care and management of osteoporosis, which causes weak, brittle bones and can result from hormone imbalances.
- Parathyroid disorders. Diagnosis and treatment of a full range of parathyroid conditions, including hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism and parathyroid tumors.
- Reproductive disorders. Diagnosis and treatment of reproductive disorders that are related to hormonal imbalances, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hypogonadism.
Am I at Risk for Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body does not process the glucose (sugar) from food because you are lacking the hormone insulin or don’t use it properly. High levels of blood glucose can cause serious complications.
Age, race and family history of diabetes are all factors that can increase your risk. Other factors that put you at higher risk for diabetes include:
- High blood pressure
- Heart or blood vessel disease
- Low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, or a high level of triglycerides
- Being overweight
- Lack of physical activity
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Acanthosis nigricans (dark, velvety patches of skin on the back of your neck, belly or arms)
- Diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes)
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Increased hunger
- Unintentional weight loss
- Frequent infections: urinary, yeast, skin
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Slow healing bruises or cuts
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hand or feet
Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes is important to preventing and managing complications. If you are at risk for diabetes, or experience any of the above symptoms, talk to your doctor about being screened for diabetes.
- Type 1 Diabetes: The body does not produce insulin or makes only a small amount. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1. Also referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes” or “juvenile diabetes” because it often, though not always, develops during childhood or adolescence.
- Type 2 Diabetes: The body does not use insulin properly and requires more than the body produces. Type 2 diabetes represents 80-90 percent of diabetes cases.
- Prediabetes: Your health care provider may tell you that you have prediabetes. This is when your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to diagnose type 2 diabetes. It doesn’t mean that you will develop type 2 diabetes. Often changes in diet and physical activity can delay or prevent diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes: Diabetes can occur in nearly 10 percent of pregnancies, when the mother does not produce enough or use the insulin it needs for pregnancy. Our experienced team of maternal fetal experts will help you manage your pregnancy to ensure the health of you and your baby.
- Diabetes from Other Causes: While rare, diabetes can develop for other reasons. Our experience with all types of diabetes helps us diagnose these rare cases, including:
- Pancreatic dysfunction due to pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis and other conditions
- Drug or chemical-induced diabetes, such as with glucocorticoid used to treat HIV/AIDS or prevent organ transplant rejection
- Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) and other monogenic diabetes syndromes (caused by one genetic mutation) Learn More at Diabetes Care for Children and Adolescents
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body does not process the glucose (sugar) from food because you don’t produce the hormone insulin or use it properly. High levels of blood glucose, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications such as:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Nerve disease
- Dental disease
- Complications during pregnancy
In fact, diabetes continues to be the number one cause of new blindness, kidney disease and amputation.
How is Diabetes Treated?
While there’s no cure, diabetes can be managed through diet, increased physical activity and blood glucose level monitoring. Sometimes, lifestyle changes aren’t enough and medication is necessary. Hackensack Meridian Health offers the latest medications, including those offered through clinical trials. Your endocrinologist will recommend the medication that is most effective for your type of diabetes and your lifestyle needs, which may include:
- Insulin injection with syringe or pen device
- Insulin pump
- Oral medications that counteract diabetes in different ways.
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors slow the digestion and absorption of some carbohydrates after meals.
- Biguanides reduce the production of glucose during digestion.
- Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors lower blood glucose levels.
- Meglitinides help your body release a quick burst of insulin when you eat.
- Sulfonylureas stimulate the release of more insulin.
- Thiazolidinediones (or glitazones) reduce insulin resistance.
MOLLY Diabetes Education Center for Adults and Children
The MOLLY Diabetes Education Center for Adults and Children at Hackensack University Medical Center provides an unparalleled approach to treating and managing diabetes. You receive a wide range of support services from an experienced team dedicated solely to diabetes. Our program has been certified and maintained recognition from the American Diabetes Association since 1996.
Not all services are offered at all locations. Please call to confirm before showing up.
Why Choose Hackensack Meridian Health
Hackensack University Medical Center is ranked a “High Performing Hospital” in Adult Diabetes Care by US News & World Report (2021).
Hackensack University Medical Center earned a fourth-consecutive disease-specific certification in Advanced Diabetes Management from the Joint Commission for excellence in inpatient diabetes care.
The diabetes management and education program at the MOLLY Diabetes Education Center for Adults and Children has been certified and maintained recognition from the American Diabetes Association since 1996.
Our endocrinologists routinely participate in research studies to advance medical knowledge and develop new treatment methods and techniques. Current studies include: TrialNet, BD Injection Techniques and BD Comparison of Glycemic Control in Obese Subjects with Diabetes Using Different Needle Sizes.
We offer endocrinology and diabetes experts with the latest treatments and management programs. It’s easy to get started with your care. Call 1-844-HMH-WELL to schedule an appointment or a second opinion today.